Tamil Dictionary | English to Tamil & Tamil to English
Tamil ( தமிழ் ) Dictionary facilitates to translate any word from English to Tamil or Tamil to English. Type a word in search box & click on Translate button. Different meanings with language script in unicode will be displayed along with roman script, adjacent, related & suggested words. Tamil Dictionary is a part of Language Networking - a unique social & educational project initiated by KHANDBAHALE.COM with linguists, subject experts, educational institutions & universities. This award-winning online translation dictionary is free & open to all for non-commercial use. It is rated as a top-ranking Tamil dictionary on the Internet & recognized as the most quality & authentic language resource by experts ..read more You can also download Tamil Dictionary on your computer / laptop or mobile / tablet for offline use.
தமிழ் மொழி (Tamil language) தமிழர்களின் தாய்மொழி. தமிழ் திராவிட மொழிக் குடும்பத்தின் முதன்மையான மொழிகளில் ஒன்றும் செம்மொழியும் ஆகும். இந்தியா, இலங்கை, மலேசியா, சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகிய நாடுகளில் அதிக அளவிலும், ஐக்கிய அரபு அமீரகம், தென்னாப்பிரிக்கா, மொரீசியஸ், பிஜி, ரீயுனியன், டிரினிடாட் போன்ற நாடுகளில் சிறிய அளவிலும் தமிழ் பேசப்படுகிறது. 1997-ம் ஆண்டு புள்ளி விவரப்படி உலகம் முழுவதிலும் 8 கோடி (80 மில்லியன்) மக்களால் பேசப்படும் தமிழ், ஒரு மொழியைத் தாய்மொழியாகக் கொண்டு பேசும் மக்களின் எண்ணிக்கை அடிப்படையில் பதினெட்டாவது இடத்தில் உள்ளது.
Tamil (தமிழ், tamiḻ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of the Indian subcontinent. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and in the Indian union territory of Pondicherry. Tamil is also an official language of Sri Lanka and Singapore. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and declared a classical language by the government of India in 2004. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities in Malaysia and Mauritius as well as emigrant communities around the world.
Spoken In : India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius, and emigrant communities around the world.
Native Speakers: 66 million (1997), 8 million L2 speakers
Language family: Dravidian > Southern > Tamil–Kannada > Tamil–Kodagu > Tamil–Malayalam >Tamil
Writing system: Tamil script.
Official language in: India (Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry), Sri Lanka, and Singapore.
Regulated by: No official regulation
Language codes: ta (ISO 639-1), tam (ISO 639-2, ISO 639-3)
Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world.It has been described as "the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past" and having "one of the richest literatures in the world". Tamil literature has existed for over 2000 years. The earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BCE. The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from the 300 BCE – 300 CE. Tamil language inscriptions written c. 1st century BCE and 2nd century CE have been discovered in Egypt, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The two earliest manuscripts from India, to be acknowledged and registered by UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997 and 2005 were in Tamil. More than 55% of the epigraphical inscriptions (about 55,000) found by the Archaeological Survey of India are in the Tamil language. According to a 2001 survey, there were 1,863 newspapers published in Tamil, of which 3 3 were dailies. It has the oldest extant literature amongst other Dravidian languages. The variety and quality of classical Tamil literature has led to its being described as "one of the great classical traditions and literatures of the world".
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- References :
- Government: National Portal of India : india.gov.in
- Government of Tamilnadu : www.tn.gov.in
- "Official languages of Tamilnadu", Tamilnadu Government, retrieved 2007-05-01
- Technology Development for Indian Languages (TDIL) : tdil.mit.gov.in
- Wikipedia : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_language
- Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas: SIL International. Online version: Tamil language at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009).
- Steever, Sanford B. "The Dravidian languages", First Published (1998), pp. 6–9. ISBN 0-415-10023-2.
- The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. OED Online. Oxford University Press. 14 Aug. 2009
- Saiva Manuscript in Pondicherry, UNESCO.org
- Andronov, M.S. (1970), Dravidian Languages, Nauka Publishing House
- UCLA Tamil Profile : http://www.lmp.ucla.edu/Profile.aspx?menu=004&LangID=99
- National Translation Mission's(NTM) Tamil Pages. http://www.ntm.org.in/languages/Tamil/default_tamil.asp